In many sources, by inertia, this mushroom is still called deadly, but in fact, adherents of such formulations tend to exaggerate too much. The active ingredients of the fly agaric dissolve easily in water, especially during boiling. Therefore, it will not be difficult for a more or less experienced specialist to turn the fly agaric into a completely edible mushroom. The most common recipe has 3 key ingredients. First, boiling twice or three times and removing the broth. Secondly, long-term drying. Thirdly, soaking and boiling. Although many are generally limited to a few boils with the removal of the decoction.
One of the hallmarks of this mushroom is the unpredictability of the consequences. The result is influenced by the region where the mushroom grows, and the dose taken, and the physical condition of the person, and even the morale. Sensations can be very diverse: visual and auditory distortions, mood swings up to euphoria, relaxation, drowsiness, trembling, low blood pressure and loss of balance.
An impressive overdose on the verge of poisoning is fraught with delirium, confusion, irritability and, of course, hallucinations. In especially difficult cases, convulsions are annoying. Even a coma is possible. It usually takes 30-90 minutes from the time of consumption to the onset of symptoms. The peak of sensations occurs 3 hours after the start. And a complete return to the normal state occurs in 12-24 hours. However, the residual effects sometimes last for several days.
Due to the aforementioned unpredictability of the consequences, the red fly agaric remained in the shadow of psilocybin mushrooms for a very long time. They were significantly more popular due to their predictability. And that's the key to massive recreational use. The spectrum of potential effects is very wide: from sedation and even sleep to excitement, hallucinations, accelerated living of many different lives, as well as micro- and macropsia, when a person perceives himself to be significantly reduced or increased.
The situation changed markedly when the persecution of psilocybin-containing mushrooms began. After legal prohibitions, their use in many countries has become problematic. Then adherents of microdosing began to pay more and more attention to fly agarics. There are plenty of vivid examples all over the world. Thus, in some regions of Lithuania, the ritual use of these mushrooms infused with vodka is increasingly practiced during wedding feasts. And in general, more and more local holidays are not complete without their use. In addition, the Lithuanians also harvest dried fly agarics, and then supply them to the Sami, the inhabitants of the Far North, who use them in shamanic rituals.
The traditions of the use of amanita by peoples who have lived in Siberia from time immemorial are actively reviving. We are talking about the representatives of the Uralic language family living in Western Siberia, and about the Paleo-Asian peoples living in the Russian part of the Far East. But the Tungus and Turkic ethnic groups on the territory of Central Siberia practically do not use the entheogenic properties of this mushroom, although occasionally there are single evidence of such ceremonies.
In the western part of Siberia, the traditions of using the red amanita have always been strong. But its application for a long time remained in the competence of shamans. It was a convenient way for them to achieve trance. Otherwise, they had to achieve this state by ritual dances for several hours. That is, in the west of Siberia, the fly agaric was primarily a ceremonial instrument.
But in the east of the region, these mushrooms were not the prerogative of shamans. Yes, they actively used them for mystical rituals, but ordinary members of the tribe also used fly agarics, so to speak, for recreational purposes. It was in Eastern Siberia that a simple but effective way to filter the components contained in these mushrooms was invented. To avoid a number of side effects, the local tribes came up with the idea of drinking the urine of people who ate fly agaric. Despite this filtering, psychoactive elements in this case have an even stronger effect.
People did not come to the discovery that the human body is an excellent filter of their own free will. The Koryaks are a classic example. This ethnos had a strict ban on self-collecting fly agarics, and not everyone had the financial opportunity to acquire them from a shaman. Only rich Koryaks allowed themselves such a luxury. And the poor - yes, that's right - were content to consume their urine. Over time, they noticed that in this way they get not only the worst, but even the best effect.
The traditions of using fly agarics differ significantly from tribe to tribe. Modern researchers have about 15 ways to use them. They are eaten raw and dried, baked and fried. Decoctions and extracts are prepared from them. And the most exotic method is eating deer meat, previously fed with fly agarics.
Of course, the goal that a person pursued has always played an important role in ceremonies. For example, shamans used primarily old fruiting bodies for their rituals. And hunters and young men who underwent the initiation rite used young unopened hats peeled from the skin, because they contain the highest concentration of active substances.
Amanita was an integral component of the concoctions that Scandinavian and ancient German berserkers and Ulfhednars consumed to achieve a frantic state on the eve of battle. According to some hypotheses, the red fly agaric, along with ephedra and harmala, was part of soma, a ritual drink of the Vedic and ancient Persian cultures.